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Automated Assessment of Polyethylene Wear in Cemented Acetabular Components using Anteroposterior Radiographs of Total Hip Replacements

Kerrigan, Stuart and McKenna, S.J. and Ricketts, I.W. and Wigderowitz, C.A. (2008) Automated Assessment of Polyethylene Wear in Cemented Acetabular Components using Anteroposterior Radiographs of Total Hip Replacements. Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics, 32 (3). pp. 221-238. ISSN Print: 0895-6111 Online: 1879-0771

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Abstract

Polyethylene wear in the acetabular components of hip prostheses is implicated in loosening and failure. Radiographic measurement of wear is used to identify patients at risk and to assess prosthesis designs. This paper focuses on analysis of prostheses with cemented acetabular cups from anteroposterior radiographs. The articular surface of the femoral head and the acetabular rim marker are modelled as spherical and circular respectively, resulting in elliptical image projections. Methods for automatically localising these structures in radiographs are presented using robust ellipse fitting and various error functions. Special attention is paid to the acetabular marker since this often projects as a highly eccentric ellipse. Robust fitting enables successful localisation in the presence of clutter without the need for user interaction. Finally, the use of these ellipses as reference structures for wear estimation is investigated and the effect of eccentricity errors is highlighted.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: acetabular wear, total hip replacement, radiographic analysis, robust ellipse fitting, eccentricity error
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software
Divisions: Academic Departments > Worcester Business School
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Stuart Kerrigan
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2017 08:53
Last Modified: 11 Jul 2017 09:50
URI: https://eprints.worc.ac.uk/id/eprint/5645

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