University of Worcester Worcester Research and Publications

Bridging the Divide in Work and Occupational Psychology: Evidence From Practice

Bartlett, D. and Francis-Smythe, Jan (2016) Bridging the Divide in Work and Occupational Psychology: Evidence From Practice. European Journal of Work and Organisational Psychology, 25 (5). pp. 615-630. ISSN Print: 1359-432X Online: 1464-0643

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This study explores the extent to which work and organizational (W&O) psychology practitioners use evidence, how they apply it to the everyday contexts in which they work and the types of barriers they encounter in so doing. It adopts a mixed methods approach involving the administration of a survey to a UK sample (N=163) of W&O psychologists and a series of semi-structured interviews (N=25) exploring in greater depth how evidence is applied in practice. Findings reveal that practitioners consult a wide range of different types of evidence which they employ at various stages of engagement with client organisations and that this evidence is pressed into service in the pursuit of solutions which are both acceptable from the client perspective and consistent with the scientific standards underpinning professional knowledge and expertise in W&O psychology. Barriers to evidence-use were mainly practical in nature, concerning issues around managing the client-consultant relationship and the particularities of implementation context, both of which were shown to influence evidence utilisation. The study contributes to current debate on the extent to which W&O psychologists adopt an evidence-based approach and provides a valuable and much called-for empirical insight into the enactment of the scientist-practitioner model in W&O psychology

Item Type: Article
Additional Information:

This is an accepted manuscript of an article published online by Taylor & Francis in the European Journal of Work and Organisational Psychology on 17 March 2016, available online:
The full-text of the published article can be accessed via the Official URL.

Uncontrolled Discrete Keywords: science-practice divide, scientist-practitioner model, evidence-based practice, research utilisation, consultancy cycle, W&O psychologists.
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
Divisions: College of Business, Psychology and Sport > Worcester Business School
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Jan Francis-Smythe
Date Deposited: 01 Apr 2016 10:14
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2020 17:09

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