University of Worcester Worcester Research and Publications

Dietary Anthocyanins: A Review of the Exercise Performance Effects and Related Physiological Responses

Cook, Matthew ORCID: and Willems, M.E. (2018) Dietary Anthocyanins: A Review of the Exercise Performance Effects and Related Physiological Responses. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 29 (3). pp. 322-330. ISSN 1543-2742

Dietary_Anthocyanins_A_Review_of_the_Exercise_Performance_Effects_and_Related_Physiological_Responses.pdf - Accepted Version

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Foods and supplements high in anthocyanins are gaining popularity within sports nutrition. Anthocyanins are pigments within berries and other colourful fruits and vegetables. They have anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory actions that improve recovery from exercise. Furthermore, anthocyanins can also affect vasoactive properties, including decreasing mean arterial blood pressure and increasing vasodilation during exercise. In vitro observations have shown anthocyanin- and metabolite-induced activation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase and human vascular cell migration. However, effects of anthocyanins on exercise performance without a prior muscle-damaging or metabolically demanding bout of exercise is less clear. For example, exercise performance effects have been observed for blackcurrant, but are less apparent for cherry, therefore indicating that the benefits could be due to the specific source-dependent anthocyanins. The mechanisms by which anthocyanin intake can enhance exercise performance may include effects on blood flow, metabolic pathways, and peripheral muscle fatigue, or a combination of all. This narrative review focuses on the experimental evidence for anthocyanins to improve exercise performance in humans.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information:

This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Human Kinetics in the International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism.
Staff and students at the University of Worcester can access the full-text of the online published article via the online Library Search. External users should check availability with their local library or Interlibrary Requests Service.

Uncontrolled Discrete Keywords: nutrition and dietetics, medicine (miscellaneous), orthopedics and sports medicine, general medicine, polyphenols, anthocyanin metabolites, sports nutrition
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: College of Business, Psychology and Sport > School of Sport and Exercise Science
Related URLs:
SWORD Depositor: Prof. Pub Router
Depositing User: Matthew Cook
Date Deposited: 17 Sep 2018 10:37
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2020 11:35

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