University of Worcester Worcester Research and Publications

Beneficial Physiological Effects with Blackcurrant Intake in Endurance Athletes

Willems, M.E., Myers, S.D., Gault, M.L. and Cook, Matthew ORCID: (2015) Beneficial Physiological Effects with Blackcurrant Intake in Endurance Athletes. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 25 (4). pp. 367-374. ISSN Print: 1526-484X Online: 1543-2742

Willems et al 2014 Sujon paper R1.pdf - Accepted Version

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Blackcurrant contains anthocyanins, known to influence vasorelaxation and peripheral blood flow. We examined the effects of 7 days intake of Sujon New Zealand blackcurrant powder (6g/day) on the lactate curve, maximum oxygen uptake, and cardiovascular responses at rest and during cycling. Thirteen trained triathletes with >3 yrs experience (8 men, age: 38±8 yrs, body mass: 71±9 kg, BF%: 19±5%, mean±SD) performed two incremental cycling protocols with recording of physiological and cardiovascular responses (Portapres® Model 2). Cardiovascular function was also measured in rest. Experimental design was double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized and cross-over (wash-out 4 wks). Data was analysed with two-tailed t-tests and 2-way ANOVA and significance accepted at p<0.05. Plasma lactate was lower at 40%, 50%, 60% and 70% of maximum power by 27%, 22%, 17% and 13%. Intensity at 4 mmol?L-1 OBLA was 6% higher with blackcurrant without effect on heart rate and oxygen uptake. Maximum values of oxygen uptake, heart rate and power were not affected by blackcurrant, but obtained with 14% lower lactate. In rest, blackcurrant increased stroke volume and cardiac output by 25% and 26%, and decreased total peripheral resistance by 16%, with no changes in blood pressure and heart rate. Cardiovascular responses during exercise at 40%, 50%, 60%, 70% and 80% intensity were not affected. Sujon New Zealand blackcurrant powder affects lactate production and/or clearance during exercise. Sujon New Zealand blackcurrant powder affects physiological and cardiovascular responses in rest and during exercise that may have implications for exercise performance.

Item Type: Article
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Uncontrolled Discrete Keywords: plasma lactate, cardiovascular function, New Zealand blackcurrant
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: College of Business, Psychology and Sport > School of Sport and Exercise Science
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Depositing User: Karol Kosinski
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2017 10:48
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2020 17:20

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