University of Worcester Worcester Research and Publications

Trends in Atmospheric Concentrations of Weed Pollen in the Context of Recent Climate Warming in Poznań (Western Poland)

Bogawski, P., Grewling, Ł., Nowak, M., Smith, Matt ORCID: and Jackowiak, B. (2014) Trends in Atmospheric Concentrations of Weed Pollen in the Context of Recent Climate Warming in Poznań (Western Poland). International Journal of Biometeorology, 58 (8). pp. 1759-1768. ISSN Print: 0020-7128 Online: 1432-1254

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A significant increase in summer temperatures has been observed for the period 1996–2011 in Poznań, Poland. The phenological response of four weed taxa, widely represented by anemophilous species (Artemisia spp., Rumex spp. and Poaceae and Urticaceae species) to this recent climate warming has been analysed in Poznań by examining the variations in the course of airborne pollen seasons. Pollen data were collected by 7-day Hirst-type volumetric trap. Trends in pollen seasons were determined using Mann–Kendall test and Sen’s slope estimator, whereas the relationships between meteorological and aerobiological data were established by Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient. Significant trends in pollen data were detected. The duration of pollen seasons of all analysed taxa increased (from +2.0 days/year for Urticaceae to +3.8 days/year for Rumex), which can be attributed to a delay in pollen season end dates rather than earlier start dates. In addition, the intensity of Artemisia pollen seasons significantly decreased and correlates with mean July–September daily minimum temperatures (r = −0.644, p < 0.01). In contrast, no significant correlations were found between temperature and characteristics of Rumex pollen seasons. The results of this study show that observed shifts in weed pollen seasons in Poznań, i.e. longer duration and later end dates, might be caused by the recorded increase in summer temperature. This influence was the strongest in relation to Artemisia, which is the taxon that flowers latest in the year. The general lack of significant correlations between Rumex and Urticaceae pollen seasons and spring and/or summer temperature suggests that other factors, e.g. land use practices, could also be partially responsible for the observed shifts in pollen seasons.

Item Type: Article
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Uncontrolled Discrete Keywords: climate change, Artemisia, Poaceae, weed plants, phenology, temperature
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: College of Business, Psychology and Sport > School of Sport and Exercise Science
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Copyright Info: Open Access journal article
Depositing User: Karol Kosinski
Date Deposited: 05 Jan 2017 15:40
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2020 04:00

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