University of Worcester Worcester Research and Publications

A Study of Iranian Nurses’ and Midwives’ Knowledge, Attitudes, and Implementation of Evidence-Based Practice: The Time for Change Has Arrived.

Heydari, A., Mazlom, S.R., Ranjbar, H. and Scurlock-Evans, Laura ORCID: (2014) A Study of Iranian Nurses’ and Midwives’ Knowledge, Attitudes, and Implementation of Evidence-Based Practice: The Time for Change Has Arrived. Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing. pp. 1-7. ISSN 1545-102X

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Evidence-based practice (EBP) leads to enhanced quality of care, and the individual and professional development of nurses and midwives. Therefore, it is important for nurses and midwives as well as all other healthcare providers and stakeholders to inform clinical decision-making and implement EBP.

This study aimed to determine the EBP knowledge, attitudes, and practice of clinical nurses and midwives in Mashhad public hospitals in Iran.

The descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted with a stratified cluster, random sample of 240 employed nurses and midwives (response rate of 96%) in Mashhad, who held a Bachelor of Science degree and had at least 1 year of clinical experience. Two valid and reliable questionnaires were used to collect demographic and EBP data. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 11.5 software and descriptive and inferential statistics calculated.

Participants’ mean age was 31.0 (SD = 5.5) years and 80% (n = 194) were female. Most participants reported low knowledge or skills and practice of EBP, but moderate attitudes toward EBP. Significant differences between the mean scores on knowledge or skills, attitudes, and practice were identified by field of study. Nurses reported higher knowledge or skills and practice of EBP than midwives (p < .001). MSc nurses and midwives displayed greater knowledge or skills and practice of EBP, and more positive attitudes than BSc nurses (p < .001).

Linking Evidence to Action
Although clinical nurses and midwives apply EBP in clinical settings, it is necessary to develop their knowledge or skills and practice. The results of this study can be applied by educational planners, educational managers, and authorities in order to enhance the quality and consistency of EBP implementation. The results provide a base for future studies in this field.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information:

E-pub ahead of print, available from:

Uncontrolled Discrete Keywords: evidence-based practice, nursing, nurses, midwifery, midwives
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RT Nursing
Divisions: College of Business, Psychology and Sport > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Laura Scurlock-Evans
Date Deposited: 07 Aug 2014 12:09
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2020 17:04

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