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The Multi-Component Gratitude Measure in Spanish for youth: An adaptation of the MCGM in Colombia

Gómez, Y., Carrillo, S., Ingram, G. P. D., Tangarife, M. A., Robles, D., Ibarra, M. C. and Morgan, Blaire ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6294-0511 (2022) The Multi-Component Gratitude Measure in Spanish for youth: An adaptation of the MCGM in Colombia. Heliyon, 8 (12). e12560. ISSN 2405-8440

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Abstract

The present study explored the psychometric properties of the Multi-Component Gratitude Measure (MCGM), in Spanish with a sample of Colombian children. The sample was composed of 540 schoolchildren between 8–12 years old (265 females, mean age 10.04 years; 75 males, mean age 10.08 years). The MCGM aims to examine more comprehensively the moral virtue of gratitude as a construct with 3 components (emotional, conative/attitudinal, and behavioral) distributed across 6 subscales. We translated the MCGM into Spanish and validated the factor structure in a principal component analysis, basing the analysis on the 6 subscales. We corroborated that gratitude can be understood as a complex, multi-component construct from children's perspectives. Overall, the MCGM subscales showed good reliability coefficients between 0.7 and 0.9. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated that a 4-factor model structure (obtained in the PCA) presented the best-adjusted fit indices. Factor 1 represented the feelings subscale, factor 2 represented the attitudinal component, and factors 3 and 4 the behavioral component. Convergent validity was evaluated with other instruments of gratitude, along with additional variables including positive emotion, prosocial behavior and wellbeing, in a subsample of 210 children. Multiple sources of evidence indicate that the translated and validated measure, the MCGM-Spanish Youth (MCGM-SY), is an instrument with good reliability and validity for measuring gratitude in Spanish-speaking children.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Discrete Keywords: Gratitude, Measurement, Youths, Spanish adaptation, Confirmatory factor analysis, Positive emotion, Prosocial behavior, Wellbeing
Divisions: College of Business, Psychology and Sport > School of Psychology
Copyright Info: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/bync-nd/4.0/).
Depositing User: Blaire Morgan
Date Deposited: 05 Jan 2023 13:22
Last Modified: 05 Jan 2023 13:22
URI: https://eprints.worc.ac.uk/id/eprint/12689

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