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Blackcurrant Alters Physiological Responses and Femoral Artery Diameter During Sustained Isometric Contraction

Cook, Matthew and Myers, S.D. and Gault, M.L. and Willems, M.E. (2017) Blackcurrant Alters Physiological Responses and Femoral Artery Diameter During Sustained Isometric Contraction. Nutrients, 9 (6). ISSN 2072-6643 Online: 2072-6643

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Abstract

Blackcurrant is rich in anthocyanins that may affect exercise-induced physiological responses. We examined tissue oxygen saturation, muscle activity, cardiovascular responses and femoral artery diameter during a submaximal sustained isometric contraction. In a randomised, double-blind, crossover design, healthy men (n = 13, age: 25 ± 4 years, BMI: 25 ± 3 kg·m−2, mean ± SD) ingested New Zealand blackcurrant (NZBC) extract (600 mg·day−1 CurraNZ™) or placebo (PL) for 7-days separated by 14-days washout. Participants produced isometric maximal voluntary contractions (iMVC) and a 120-s 30%iMVC of the quadriceps with electromyography (EMG), near-infrared spectroscopy, hemodynamic and ultrasound recordings. There was no effect of NZBC extract on iMVC (NZBC: 654 ± 73, PL: 650 ± 78 N). During the 30%iMVC with NZBC extract, total peripheral resistance, systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial pressure were lower with increased cardiac output and stroke volume. With NZBC extract, EMG root mean square of the vastus medialis and muscle oxygen saturation were lower with higher total haemoglobin. During the 30%iMVC, femoral artery diameter was increased with NZBC extract at 30 (6.9%), 60 (8.2%), 90 (7.7%) and 120 s (6.0%). Intake of NZBC extract for 7-days altered cardiovascular responses, muscle oxygen saturation, muscle activity and femoral artery diameter during a 120-s 30%iMVC of the quadriceps. The present study provides insight into the potential mechanisms for enhanced exercise performance with intake of blackcurrant.

Item Type: Article
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Uncontrolled Keywords: cardiovascular function, anthocyanins, blood flow, isometric contraction, New Zeland blackcurrant, electromyography, ultrasound, exercise
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology
Divisions: Academic Departments > Institute of Sport and Exercise Science
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Copyright Info: Open Access article
Depositing User: Matthew Cook
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2017 14:34
Last Modified: 27 Jun 2017 14:34
URI: https://eprints.worc.ac.uk/id/eprint/5622

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