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Effects of Wind Speed and Direction on Monthly Fluctuations of Cladosporium Conidia Concentration in the Air

Sadyś, M. (2017) Effects of Wind Speed and Direction on Monthly Fluctuations of Cladosporium Conidia Concentration in the Air. Aerobiologia. ISSN Print: 0393-5965 Online: 1573-3025 (In Press)

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Abstract

This study determined the relationship between airborne concentration of Cladosporium spp. spores and wind speed and direction using real data (local wind measured by weather station) and modelled data (air mass flow computed with the aid of HYbrid Single Particle Lagrangian Trajectory model). Air samples containing fungal conidia were taken at an urban site (Worcester, UK) for a period of five consecutive years using a spore trap of the Hirst design. A threshold of ≥6000 s m−3 (double the clinical value) was applied in order to select high spore concentration days, when airborne transport of conidia at a regional scale was more likely to occur. Collected data were then examined using geospatial and statistical tools, including circular statistics. Obtained results showed that the greatest numbers of spore concentrations were detected in July and August, when C. herbarum, C. cladosporioides and C. macrocarpum sporulate. The circular correlation test was found to be more sensitive than Spearman’s rank test. The dominance of either local wind or the air mass on Cladosporium spore distributions varied between examined months. Source areas of this pathogen had an origin within the UK territory. Very high daily mean concentrations of Cladosporium spores were observed when daily mean local wind speed was vs ≤ 2.5 m s−1 indicating warm days with a light breeze.

Item Type: Article
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Uncontrolled Keywords: fungal spores, atmosphere, HYSPLIT, circular statistics, dynamic, airborne transmission
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Academic Departments > Institute of Science and the Environment
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Depositing User: Karol Kosinski
Date Deposited: 31 May 2017 14:28
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2017 07:43
URI: https://eprints.worc.ac.uk/id/eprint/5459

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