University of Worcester Worcester Research and Publications

The Physical Education Predisposition Scale: Preliminary Development and Validation

Hilland, T., Stratton, G., Vinson, Don ORCID: and Fairclough, S. (2009) The Physical Education Predisposition Scale: Preliminary Development and Validation. Journal of Sports Sciences, 27 (14). pp. 1555-1563. ISSN Print: 0264-0414 Online: 1466-447X

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The main aim of this study was to develop and test psychometrically the Physical Education Predisposition Scale, to assess secondary school students’ cost–benefit assessment of physical education (PE) participation (PE attitude affective and attitude cognitive) and self-perceptions (PE perceived competence and self-efficacy). Secondary aims were to explore how the two variables were related, and to investigate age and gender differences. Altogether, 315 Year 8 and 9 students (aged 12–14 years) from four North West England schools completed the Physical Education Predisposition Scale. Principal
components analysis revealed the presence of a simple two-factor solution explaining 60.7% of the variance. Factor 1 (labelled Perceived PE Worth) reflected attitude affective and attitude cognitive (a¼0.91), and factor 2 (Perceived PE Ability) represented perceived competence and self-efficacy (a¼0.89). Significant positive correlations were observed between the factors (r¼0.67 to 0.71, P50.001). Boys scored significantly higher than girls on Perceived PE Worth (P50.001) and Perceived PE Ability (P¼0.02). Similarly, Year 8 students scored significantly higher than Year 9 students on Perceived PE Worth (P¼0.005) and Perceived PE Ability (P50.001). Our results support the potential of the Physical Education Predisposition Scale as a concise measurement tool for use in the PE setting, for both teachers and researchers.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information:

Published online: 04 Dec 2009

Staff and students at the University of Worcester can access the full-text via the UW online library search. External users should check availability with their local library or Interlibrary Requests Service.

Uncontrolled Discrete Keywords: validation, perceived worth, perceived ability, adolescent, physical education
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: College of Business, Psychology and Sport > School of Sport and Exercise Science
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Depositing User: Don Vinson
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2015 13:49
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2020 17:07

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