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`Four-Closure`: How Amazon, Apple, Facebook and Google are Driving Business Model Innovation.

Walton, Nigel (2012) `Four-Closure`: How Amazon, Apple, Facebook and Google are Driving Business Model Innovation. Chinese Business Review, 11 (11). pp. 981-988. ISSN 1537-1506

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Abstract

This paper explores the rapid growth of four internet-based corporations and critiques the extent to which the Internet has developed from being simply a powerful tool and enabler of industry innovation to achieving status as a fully-fledged technology-based business ecosystem. The need to develop new management theories, tools, and techniques to compete with the “Gang of Four” (Amazon, Apple, Google, and Facebook) is also discussed in some depth as well as providing a critique of traditional models/strategic approaches and more recent theories. This is considered to be an important area of research because as a new class of Internet company emerges, incumbent firms in traditional industries will need to know how to prepare for the new challenges that face them. Keywords: business ecosystem, platforms, catalyst, infomediaries, white space, blue ocean strategy

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Internet, internet-based corporations, industrial innovation
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
A General Works > AI Indexes (General)
Divisions: Academic Departments > Worcester Business School
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Nigel Walton
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2012 10:15
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2013 09:22
URI: https://eprints.worc.ac.uk/id/eprint/2096

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