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Affect in Sporting Activities: A Preliminary Validation of the Worcester Affect Scale.

Rhoden, Clare and West, Julia (2010) Affect in Sporting Activities: A Preliminary Validation of the Worcester Affect Scale. Sport Science Review, 19 (5-6). pp. 71-92. ISSN 2066-8732

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Abstract

The overly long psychometric measures available for affect may have caused difficulty measuring this construct during physical activity (Barkoff & Heiby, 2005; Wilhelm & Schoebi, 2007). This paper aims to create a two-item affect scale to measure feeling states during physical activity. In study 1 ninety-four participants completed the PANAS(Watson et al., 1988)and the newly designed Worcester Affect Scale (WAS) measuring positive and negative affect. In study 2, seven participants completed two 20km cycle time trials in the laboratory. PANAS and WAS were administered prior to and after the trials and WAS was reported at frequent regular intervals during each time trial. Preliminary validation of the WAS was confirmed with significant correlations between the WAS and PANAS. The WAS scale is quick and easy to administer and was sensitive in measuring fluctuations in affect within a 20km cycle time trial. Future work is needed to examine the fluctuations in affect and clarify the relationship between positivity and negativity.

Item Type: Article
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The electronic full-text for this article can be accessed via the Official URL.

Uncontrolled Keywords: affect, mood, emotion, measurement
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Academic Departments > Institute of Sport and Exercise Science
Depositing User: Clare Rhoden
Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2012 09:48
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2012 09:48
URI: https://eprints.worc.ac.uk/id/eprint/1580

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