University of Worcester Worcester Research and Publications

Extension of WRF-Chem for birch pollen modelling – a case study for Poland.

Werner, Malgorzata, Guzikowski, J., Kryza, M., Malkiewicz, M., Bilińska, D., Skjøth, C. ORCID:, Rapiejko, P., Chłopek, K., Dąbrowska-Zapart, K., Lipiec, A., Jurkiewicz, D., Kalinowska, E., Majkowska-Wojciechowska, B., Myszkowska, D., Piotrowska-Weryszko, K., Puc, M., Rapiejko, A., Siergiejko, G., Weryszko-Chmielewska, E., Wieczorkiewicz, A. and Ziemianin, M. (2020) Extension of WRF-Chem for birch pollen modelling – a case study for Poland. International Journal of Biometeorology. ISSN Print: 0020-7128 Online: 1432-1254

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In recent years, allergies due to airborne pollen have shown an increasing trend, along with the severity of allergic symptoms in most industrialised countries, while synergism with other common atmospheric pollutants has also been identified as affecting the overall quality of citizenly’ life. In this study we propose the state-of-the-art WRF-Chem model, which is a complex Eulerian meteorological model integrated on-line with atmospheric chemistry. We used a combination of the WRF-Chem extended towards birch pollen, and the emission module based on heating degree days, which has not been tested before. The simulations were run for the moderate season in terms of birch pollen concentrations (year 2015) and high season (year 2016) over Central Europe, which were validated against 11 observational stations located in Poland. The results show that there is a big difference in the model’s performance for the two modelled years. In general, the model overestimates birch pollen concentrations for the moderate season and highly underestimates birch pollen concentrations for the year 2016. The model was able to predict birch pollen concentrations for first allergy symptoms (above 20 pollen m-3) as well as for severe symptoms (above 90 pollen m-3) with Probability of Detection at 0.78 and 0.68 and Success Ratio at 0.75 and 0.57, respectively for the year 2015. However, the model failed to reproduce these parameters for the year 2016. The results indicate the potential role of correcting the total seasonal pollen emission in improving the model’s performance, especially for specific years in terms of pollen productivity.
The application of chemical transport models such as WRF-Chem for pollen modelling provides a great opportunity for simultaneous simulations of chemical air pollution and allergic pollen with one goal, which is a step forward for studying and understanding the co-exposure of these particles in the air.

Item Type: Article
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Uncontrolled Discrete Keywords: birch pollen, pollen season, air concentrations, chemical transport model
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: College of Health, Life and Environmental Sciences > School of Science and the Environment
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Depositing User: Carsten Skjoth
Date Deposited: 04 Nov 2020 13:30
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2020 17:14

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