University of Worcester Worcester Research and Publications

Home health monitoring around the time of surgery: a qualitative study of patients’ experiences before and after joint replacement

Grant, Sabrina ORCID:, Blom, A.W., Craddock, I., Whitehouse, M.R. and Gooberman-Hill, R. (2019) Home health monitoring around the time of surgery: a qualitative study of patients’ experiences before and after joint replacement. BMJ. e032205. ISSN 1759-2151, Online : 1756-1833

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Objectives: Hip and knee replacements are common major elective surgical interventions with over 200,000 performed annually in the UK. Not all patients achieve optimal outcomes or experience problems or delays in recovery. The number of patients needing these operations are set to increase and routine clinical monitoring is time and resource consuming for patients and healthcare providers, therefore innovative evaluation of surgical outcomes are needed. The aim of this qualitative study was to capture the patient experience of living with a novel home monitoring sensing system during the period around joint replacement.

Setting: One secondary care hospital in the South West, UK

Participants: 13 patients, (8 female, 63-89y) undergoing total hip or knee replacement enrolled into the study

Design: Qualitative study with thematic analysis. The system remained in situ for up to 12 weeks after their surgery and comprised a group of low powered sensors monitoring the environment (temperature, light and humidity) and activity of people within the home. Patients were interviewed at two timepoints: before and after surgery. Interviews explored views about living with the technology, its acceptability as well as attitudes towards health technology.

Results: Three main themes emerged: installation of home sensing technology on the journey to surgery; the home space and defining unobtrusiveness and pivotal role of social support networks

Conclusions: Patients who agreed to the technology found living with it acceptable. A home sensing system that monitors the environment and activity of the people in the home could provide an innovative way of assessing patients’ surgical outcomes. At a time, characterised by reduced mobility, functional limitations and increased pain, patients in this study relied on informal and formal supportive networks to help maintain the system through the busy trajectory of the perioperative period.

Strengths and limitations of this study
• In-depth one-to-one interviews provided insight into patients’ real experiences and views as they lived with the technology in their own homes
• Although the sample size was small, lacked ethnic diversity and only included people willing to have technology installed in their homes, there was good diversity in age and gender and some diversity in patients undergoing hip and knee replacement
• Use of thematic analysis enabled robust analysis of data, including focus on the acceptability of the technology in real health-related circumstances.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information:

The full-text of the online published article can be accessed via the official URL.

© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. Re-use permitted under CC BY. Published by BMJ.
This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported (CC BY 4.0) license, which permits others to copy, redistribute, remix, transform and build upon this work for any purpose, provided the original work is properly cited, a link to the licence is given, and indication of whether changes were made. See:

Uncontrolled Discrete Keywords: home monitoring, hip, knee, qualitative, orthopaedic
Divisions: College of Health, Life and Environmental Sciences > School of Nursing and Midwifery
Related URLs:
Copyright Info: Open Access journal
Depositing User: Sabrina Grant
Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2019 16:31
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2020 17:33

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