University of Worcester Worcester Research and Publications

Regulation of Cell Division in the Shoot Apex

Herbert, Rob and Francis, D. (1993) Regulation of Cell Division in the Shoot Apex. In: Molecular and cell biology of the plant cell cycle : proceedings of a meeting held at Lancaster University, 9-10 April 1992. Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp. 201-210. ISBN 079231767X

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The aim of this paper is to explore how changes in the plane, and in the rate, of cell division affect primordium initiation in the shoot apex. Leaf initiation is characterised by a change in the plane of cell division in incipient primordia or changes in the rate of cell division, or both. We refer to published work on the preprophase band (PPB) and the phragmosome to indicate how planes of cell division are predicted in plant cells and argue that the presence of F-actin in PPBs may be a potential substrate for key regulatory cell cycle protein kinases. However the key signalling molecules that may cause a repositioning of PPBs during leaf initiation are unknown. We also attempt to make a link between homeotic, or organ identity genes and the regulation of cell size during floral morphogenesis. Here, emphasis is placed on a model by EM Lord proposing that homeotic genes have heterochronic function. In keeping with a timer mechanism would be genes which regulate cell size at division. The timing mechanism could act first, through homeotic genes determining where and when flower primordia are initiated and second, through genes which cause cell size to alter in cells which are determined as a particular floral primordium.

Item Type: Book Section
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Uncontrolled Discrete Keywords: plant molecular biology, cell division, plant cells, SERG
Subjects: Q Science > QK Botany
Divisions: College of Health, Life and Environmental Sciences > School of Science and the Environment
Depositing User: Rob Herbert
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2009 10:49
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2020 14:18

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