University of Worcester Worcester Research and Publications

Measurement of Acetabular Wear Using Intelligent Ellipses

Kerrigan, Stuart, Ricketts, I.W., McKenna, S.J. and Wigderowitz, C.A. (2002) Measurement of Acetabular Wear Using Intelligent Ellipses. In: British Orthopaedic Research Society Annual Meeting (BORS 2002), July 2002, Cardiff, UK. (Unpublished)

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A summary of recent studies reported that of a sample of 100 Total Hip Replacements (THRs) 18 revisions occurred, 16 of which were due to osteolysis and loosening of the acetabular cup. Thus tracking acetabular wear is a key step in the early detection of failure in THRs.
The femoral head and rim of the acetabular cup appear elliptical in radiographs regardless of orientation. This knowledge of shape can be used to measure acetabular
wear. Current approaches range from manual methods that estimate the centre of the femoral head using transparent overlays of concentric circles to semi-automated methods
using Sobel edge detection.
Our aim is to create an automated, accurate and repeatable method that improves on existing performance. It involves the use of intelligent ellipses that learn to identify the typical change of the grey level at the femoral head from a set of manually annotated digitized radiographs. When trained these intelligent ellipses are placed within a previously unseen digitised radiograph of a THR. Searching occurs along normals to the intelligent ellipses and comparing the normalized grey level derivative profiles (a measurement of the gradient) to a statistical model of the typical grey level derivative around a femoral head.
The location and other parameters of the intelligent ellipses are altered to best match the model. After several searches the ellipse converges around the femoral head in the radiograph. In a similar fashion the rim of the acetabular cup can be located. Once the centres have been found the distance from the centre of the femoral ellipse to
the centre of the acetabular ellipse can be calculated.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
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Uncontrolled Discrete Keywords: acetabular wear, intelligent eclipses, performance, Total Hip Replacement, hip arthroplasty, THR
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software
Divisions: College of Business, Psychology and Sport > Worcester Business School
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Depositing User: Stuart Kerrigan
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2017 09:57
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2020 17:18

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