University of Worcester Worcester Research and Publications

The Impact of Breakfast in Metabolic and Digestive Health

Kamada, I., Truman, L., Bold, Justine and Mortimore, Denise (2011) The Impact of Breakfast in Metabolic and Digestive Health. Gastroenterol Hepatol Bed Bench., 4 (2). pp. 76-85. ISSN 2008-2258 Online: 2008-4234

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Aim: The purpose of this study is to explore whether the types and quality of breakfast could influence energy levels
(blood glucose levels) and propose ideal breakfast models.
Background: It is widely considered that a regular breakfast provides a number of health benefits; however, there is no
general scientific agreement regarding what kind of food should be consumed. Evidence supports the importance of
balancing blood glucose levels by low glycaemic index/load (L-GI/L) and increased protein diets, in particular in
metabolic disorders, which non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has a close relation to.
Patients and methods: This study was conducted by using a valid and standard questionnaire at the University of
Worcester to evaluate the breakfast and dietary habits and energy levels. The Kruskal-Wallis test was used for statistical
Results: No significant differences were found either between breakfast consumption, energy levels, types of snack and
amount of caffeine intake in the morning or between types of breakfast, energy levels, types of snack, and amount of
caffeine intake in the morning. However, potential differences in energy levels were found across the groups of
breakfast types: glycaemia (GL) (p=.057) and protein intake (p=.056).
Conclusion: The types and quality of breakfast would be key as regular breakfast consumption alone did not show
adequate health benefits. Lower GL foods and higher protein intake at breakfast were found to be associated with higher
energy levels. It is therefore recommended that breakfast foods should be low in GL and high in protein. These changes
may lead to better health status and prevention of dise
ase, especially metabolic and liver disorders, in the long term.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information:

The full-text can be accessed via the Official URL.

Uncontrolled Discrete Keywords: food habits, glycaemic index, diet therapy
Divisions: College of Health, Life and Environmental Sciences > School of Allied Health and Community
Related URLs:
Copyright Info: Open Access
Depositing User: Justine Bold
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2018 08:49
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2020 17:04

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