University of Worcester Worcester Research and Publications

Recent developments in plant-downy mildew interactions

Tör, M. ORCID:, Wood, T., Webb, A., Göl, Deniz and McDowell, J. M. (2023) Recent developments in plant-downy mildew interactions. Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology. ISSN Print: 1084-9521; Online: 1096-3634 (In Press)

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Downy mildews are obligate oomycete pathogens that attack a wide range of plants and can cause significant economic impacts on commercial crops and ornamental plants. Traditionally, downy mildew disease control relied on an integrated strategies, that incorporate cultural practices, deployment of resistant cultivars, crop rotation, application of contact and systemic pesticides, and biopesticides. Recent advances in genomics provided data that significantly advanced understanding of downy mildew evolution, taxonomy and classification. In addition, downy mildew genomics also revealed that these obligate oomycetes have reduced numbers of virulence factor genes in comparison to hemibiotrophic and necrotrophic oomycetes. However, downy mildews do deploy significant arrays of virulence proteins, including so-called RXLR proteins that promote virulence or are recognized as avirulence factors. Pathogenomics are being applied to downy mildew population studies to determine the genetic diversity within the downy mildew populations and manage disease by selection of appropriate varieties and management strategies. Genome editing technologies have been used to manipulate host disease susceptibility genes in different plants including grapevine and sweet basil and thereby provide new soucres of resistance genes against downy mildews. Previously, it has proved difficult to transform and manipulate downy mildews because of their obligate lifestyle. However, recent exploitation of RNA interference machinery through Host-Induced Gene Silencing (HIGS) and Spray-Induced Gene Silencing (SIGS) indicate that functional genomics in downy mildews is now possible. Altogether, these breakthrough technologies and attendant fundamental understanding will advance our ability to mitigate downy mildew diseases.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: College of Health, Life and Environmental Sciences > School of Science and the Environment
Copyright Info: © 2023 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Depositing User: Mahmut Tor
Date Deposited: 19 Jan 2023 13:54
Last Modified: 23 Jan 2023 11:28

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