University of Worcester Worcester Research and Publications

A systematic review of quantitative studies capturing measures of psychological and mental health for Gay and Lesbian individuals of faith

Wilkinson, D.J. and Johnson, Amy (2021) A systematic review of quantitative studies capturing measures of psychological and mental health for Gay and Lesbian individuals of faith. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 24 (9). pp. 993-1016. ISSN Print: 1367-4676 Online: 1469-9737

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The association between religion or spirituality and psychological concepts (e.g., subjective well-being), have received frequent support, however, recent evidence has noted that cultural factors may affect this relationship. The consideration of these concepts for sexual orientation minorities has been neglected in previous years and now a body of evidence is beginning to develop around concerns for this population, with some speculation for the changes of ‘stressors' for future generations and the implication on mental health outcomes. Lesbian and Gay individuals of faith (or spirituality), are susceptible to unique ‘stressors’, whilst others suggest religion can provide a support network providing protective health benefits. This review explores the evidence for psychological measures associated with LGB people of faith. The evidence suggests following a religion or faith can provide good social support, reducing health risks, however, can have negative implications for mental and physical health such as, internalised homophobia, anxiety and rejection.

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This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.

Uncontrolled Discrete Keywords: Religion, mental health, sexuality, Lesbian, Gay
Divisions: College of Business, Psychology and Sport > School of Psychology
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Copyright Info: © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group
Depositing User: Miranda Jones
Date Deposited: 28 Apr 2022 12:00
Last Modified: 28 Apr 2022 12:00

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