University of Worcester Worcester Research and Publications

The Quality of Life of People in Chronic Pain: Developing a Pain and Discomfort Module for Use with the WHOQOL

Mason, Victoria, Skevington, S.M. and Osborn, M. (2008) The Quality of Life of People in Chronic Pain: Developing a Pain and Discomfort Module for Use with the WHOQOL. Psychology and Health, 23 (2). pp. 135-154. ISSN 1476-8321 (electronic) 0887-0446 (paper)

Full text not available from this repository.


This article reports the development of a pain and discomfort module (PDM) designed to assess the full impact of quality of life (QoL) relating to chronic pain, which could be used with the generic World Health Organisation Quality of Life Assessment (WHOQOL). First, cognitive interviewing was completed with nine participants with chronic pain, for 108 items representing 10 pain-specific facets of QoL. Sixty-eight QoL items and 16 importance questions on pain were relevant, comprehensive, comprehensible and acceptable to users, and were confirmed to assess their purported concepts. Secondly, these items were pilot tested using a cross-sectional survey of 216 people with chronic pain, to investigate the preliminary psychometric properties of the PDM, and reduce its
items statistically. All new facets were important to those with chronic pain. Sixteen items within four facets of pain relief, anger and frustration, vulnerability/fear/worry, and
uncertainty were retained, and demonstrated acceptable to good internal consistency reliability (¼0.77–0.85). The PDM is a self-administered, multidimensional subjective
assessment of pain-related QoL, with potential to evaluate pain-relieving interventions, identify sufferer’s needs, and for survey use.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information:

The original publication is available at
First published on 14th July 2007.

Uncontrolled Discrete Keywords: chronic pain, quality of life, WHOQOL-100, cognitive interviewing, assessment
Subjects: R Medicine > RB Pathology
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: College of Business, Psychology and Sport > School of Psychology
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Victoria Mason-Robbie
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2007 13:30
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2020 16:48

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item
Worcester Research and Publications is powered by EPrints 3 which is developed by the School of Electronics and Computer Science at the University of Southampton. More information and software credits.