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Effect of light and darkness on the growth and development of downy mildew pathogen Hyaloperonospora arabidopsidis

Telli, Osman, Jimenez Quiros, Catherine ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8306-7109, McDowell, J.M. and Tör, M. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4416-5048 (2020) Effect of light and darkness on the growth and development of downy mildew pathogen Hyaloperonospora arabidopsidis. Plant Pathology, 69 (7). pp. 1291-1300. ISSN 1365-3059

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Abstract

Disease development in plants requires a susceptible host, a virulent pathogen, and a favourable environment. Oomycete pathogens cause many important diseases and have evolved sophisticated molecular mechanisms to manipulate their hosts. Day length has been shown to impact plant‐oomycete interactions but a need exists for a tractable reference system to understand the mechanistic interplay between light regulation, oomycete pathogen virulence, and plant host immunity. Here we present data demonstrating that light is a critical factor in the interaction between Arabidopsis thaliana and its naturally occurring downy mildew pathogen Hyaloperonospora arabidopsidis (Hpa). We investigated the role of light on spore germination, mycelium development, sporulation and oospore formation of Hpa, along with defence responses in the host. We observed abundant Hpa sporulation on compatible Arabidopsis under day lengths ranging from 10 to 14 hours. Contrastingly, exposure to constant light or constant dark suppressed sporulation. Exposure to constant dark suppressed spore germination, mycelial development and oospore formation. Interestingly, exposure to constant light stimulated spore germination, mycelial development and oospore formation. A biomarker of plant immune system activation was induced under both constant light and constant dark. Altogether, these findings demonstrate that Hpa has the molecular mechanisms to perceive and respond to light and that both the host and pathogen responses are influenced by the light regime. Therefore, this pathosystem can be used for investigations to understand the molecular mechanisms through which oomycete pathogens like Hpa perceive and integrate light signals, and how light influences pathogen virulence and host immunity during their interactions.

Item Type: Article
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Uncontrolled Discrete Keywords: Arabidopsis, circadian rhythm, downy mildew, light regime, oomycetes
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QK Botany
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
Divisions: College of Health, Life and Environmental Sciences > School of Science and the Environment
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Depositing User: Mahmut Tor
Date Deposited: 14 May 2020 10:05
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2020 13:00
URI: https://eprints.worc.ac.uk/id/eprint/9441

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