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The Effect of Dietary Energy and Protein Levels on Body Condition and Production of Breeding Male Ostriches (Struthio cemelus domesticus).

Brown, Chris and Brand, Z and Brand, T.S. (2002) The Effect of Dietary Energy and Protein Levels on Body Condition and Production of Breeding Male Ostriches (Struthio cemelus domesticus). South African Journal of Animal Science, 32 (4). pp. 231-238. ISSN 0375-1589

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Abstract

In a study over two breeding seasons we assessed the effect of different energy and protein levels in the diet of male ostriches on their body weight, body condition and the fertility of the eggs produced by their females. During the first season, the birds were fed diets with energy levels of 8.5, 9.5 or 10.5 MJ metabolisable energy (ME)/kg dry matter (DM) and 13.5, 15.0 or 16.5% protein. Corresponding lysine concentrations were 6.5, 7.5 and 8.5 g/kg. In the second breeding season the groups were fed diets with energy levels of 7.5, 8.5 and 9.5 MJ ME/kg and protein levels of 10.5, 12.0 and 13.5%. Corresponding lysine concentrations were 4.9, 5.9 and 6.9 g/kg. During the first breeding season the weight of all birds increased, but the weight of those fed the 8.5 MJ ME/kg DM diet was significantly lower at the end of the season than that of birds fed diets containing 9.5 and 10.5 MJ ME/kg DM. During the second season the trend in the case of the 8.5 and 9.5 MJ ME/kg diets was the same as in the previous season, but a significant decrease in weight occurred in birds fed the 7.5 MJ ME/kg DM diet. A general loss in body condition occurred at all energy levels. In contrast, protein level in the diets had no significant effect on any parameters measured. There were no trends or significant differences in the production of fertile eggs with any of the experimental diets. We concluded from this study that levels of 8.5 MJ ME/kg DM and 10.5% protein in the diet of breeding male ostriches are sufficient if maintenance in weight is the main criteria for formulating rations.

Item Type: Article
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Uncontrolled Keywords: ostriches, breeders, nutrition, protein levels, amino acid levels, energy levels
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Academic Departments > Institute of Science and the Environment
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Chris Brown
Date Deposited: 27 May 2010 08:40
Last Modified: 27 May 2010 08:40
URI: https://eprints.worc.ac.uk/id/eprint/895

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