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Structure of SPH (Self-Incompatibility Protein Homologue) Proteins: a Widespread Family of Small, Highly Stable, Secreted Proteins

Rajasekar, K.V., Ji, S., Coulthard, R.J., Ride, J.P., Reynolds, G.L., Winn, P.J., Wheeler, Mike, Hyde, E.I. and Smith, L.J. (2019) Structure of SPH (Self-Incompatibility Protein Homologue) Proteins: a Widespread Family of Small, Highly Stable, Secreted Proteins. The Biochemical Journal, 476. pp. 809-826. ISSN Print: 0264-6021 Online: 1470-8728

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Abstract

SPH proteins are a large family of small, disulphide-bonded, secreted proteins, initially found in the self-incompatibility response in the field poppy , but now known to be widely distributed in plants, many containing multiple members of this protein family. Using the Origami strain of , we expressed one member of this family, SPH15 from , as a folded thioredoxin-fusion protein and purified it from the cytosol. The fusion protein was cleaved and characterised by analytical ultracentrifugation, circular dichroism, and NMR spectroscopy. This showed that SPH15 is monomeric and temperature stable, with a beta-sandwich structure. The four strands in each sheet have the same topology as the unrelated proteins; human transthyretin, bacterial TSSJ, and pneumolysin, with no discernable sequence similarity. The NMR-derived structure was compared with a model, made using a new deep learning algorithm based on co-evolution/correlated mutations, DeepCDPred, validating the method. The DeepCDPred method and homology modelling to SPH15 were then both used to derive models of the 3D structure of the three known PrsS proteins from , which have only 15-18% sequence homology to SPH15. The DeepCDPred method gave models with lower Discreet Optimised Protein Energy (DOPE) scores than the homology models. Three loops at one end of the poppy structures are postulated to interact with their respective pollen receptors to instigate programmed cell death in pollen tubes. [Abstract copyright: ©2019 The Author(s).]

Item Type: Article
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© 2019 The Author(s)
This is an open access article published by Portland Press Limited on behalf of the Biochemical Society and distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (CC BY).

https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Uncontrolled Keywords: NMR spectroscopy, disulphide bonds, molecular modelling, plant proteins, protein structure, self-incompatibility, SPH15, PrsS, DeepCDPred, disulphide-bond expression
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Academic Departments > Institute of Science and the Environment
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Copyright Info: Open access article
SWORD Depositor: Prof. Pub Router
Depositing User: Mike Wheeler
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2019 07:14
Last Modified: 13 Mar 2019 09:19
URI: https://eprints.worc.ac.uk/id/eprint/7695

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