University of Worcester Worcester Research and Publications

Tobacco BY-2 Cells Expressing Fission Yeast cdc25 Bypass a G2/M Block on the Cell Cycle

Herbert, Rob, Orchard, C.B., Sorrell, D.A., Marchbank, A., Rogers, H.J., Suchomelova, P., Lipavská, H. and Azmi, A. (2005) Tobacco BY-2 Cells Expressing Fission Yeast cdc25 Bypass a G2/M Block on the Cell Cycle. The Plant Journal, 44 (2). pp. 290-299. ISSN 0960-7412

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The mitotic inducer gene from Schizosaccharomyces pombe, Spcdc25, was used as a tool to investigate
regulation of G2/M in higher plants using the BY-2 (Nicotiana tabacum) cell line as a model. Spcdc25-
expressing BY-2 cells exhibited a reduced mitotic cell size through a shortening of the G2 phase. The cells often
formed isodiametric double files both in BY-2 cells and in cell suspensions derived from 35S::Spcdc25 tobacco
plants. In Spcdc25-expressing cells, the tobacco cyclin-dependent kinase, NtCDKB1, showed high activity in
early S phase, S/G2 and early M phase, whereas in empty vector cells CDKB1 activity was transiently high in
early S phase but thereafter remained lower. Spcdc25-expressing cells also bypassed a block on G2/M imposed
by the cytokinin biosynthetic inhibitor lovastatin (LVS). Surprisingly, cytokinins were at remarkably low levels
in Spcdc25-expressing cells compared with the empty vector, explaining why these cells retained mitotic
competence despite the presence of LVS. In conclusion, synchronised Spcdc25-expressing BY-2 cells divided
prematurely at a small cell size, and they exhibited premature, but sustained, CDKB1 activity even though
endogenous cytokinins were virtually undetectable.

Item Type: Article
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Uncontrolled Discrete Keywords: Nicotiana tabacum, cell size, cytokinins, BY-2 cell line CDKA/B, plant cell cycle., SERG
Subjects: Q Science > QK Botany
Divisions: College of Health, Life and Environmental Sciences > School of Science and the Environment
Depositing User: Rob Herbert
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2009 14:03
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2020 14:18

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