Lewis, Jodie (2000) Upwards at 45 Degrees: the Use of Vertical Caves During the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age on Mendip, Somerset. Cave Archaeology and Palaeontology Research Archive (CAPRA), 2. ISSN 1467-8837Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)
The Mendip Hills in Somerset contain geological features known locally as swallets, vertical 'shafts' in the limestone, usually formed by dissolutional activity. In recent years, excavations by cavers have revealed a range of archaeological material placed inside them. The materials are generally of prehistoric date, and seem to indicate a climax of deposition in the Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age. Using the evidence from two sites, Charterhouse Warren Farm Swallet and Brimble Pit Swallet, it is argued that swallets were being used for deliberate ritual deposition during these periods. A link between swallets and monuments is also made, both in terms of the material placed within them and their spatial relationship in the landscape. The possibility of the chthonic 'cults' of the Iron Age and Roman periods having a much earlier origin is also considered.
The full-text of this article can be freely accessed from the CAPRA website.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Mendip, Mendip Hills, Bronze Age, swallets, deposition, ritual monuments|
|Subjects:||C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CC Archaeology|
|Divisions:||Academic Departments > Institute of Science and the Environment|
|Depositing User:||Jodie Lewis|
|Date Deposited:||27 Oct 2009 09:12|
|Last Modified:||27 Oct 2009 09:14|
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