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Trait Emotional Intelligence and Attentional Bias for Positive Emotion: an Eye Tracking Study

Lea, Rosanna, Qualter, P., Davis, Sarah K., Pérez-González, J. and Bangee, M. (2018) Trait Emotional Intelligence and Attentional Bias for Positive Emotion: an Eye Tracking Study. Personality and Individual Differences, 128. pp. 88-93. ISSN 0191-8869

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Abstract

Emotional intelligence (EI) may promote wellbeing through facilitation of adaptive attentional processing patterns. In the current study, a total of 54 adults (43 females, mean age = 25 years, SD = 10 years) completed a Trait Emotional Intelligence (TEI) scale and took part in three eye-tracking tasks, where they viewed (1) faces with different emotions (happy, angry, fearful, neutral), (2) 16-face crowds with varying ratios of happy to angry faces, and (3) 4 visual scenes (physical threat, social threat, positive social, neutral). Findings showed that higher TEI was associated with more attention to positive emotional stimuli (happy faces, positive social scenes), relative to negative and neutral stimuli. An attentional preference for positive rather than negative emotional stimuli may be one way that TEI affords protection from stressors to promote mental health.

Item Type: Article
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Uncontrolled Keywords: trait emotional intelligence, attentional bias, emotion, attention, eye movements
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Academic Departments > Institute of Health and Society
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Depositing User: Rosanna Lee
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2018 13:37
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2018 10:42
URI: https://eprints.worc.ac.uk/id/eprint/6417

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