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Comparative WGBS Identifies Genes that Influence Non-ripe Phenotype in Tomato Epimutant Colourless Non-ripening

Chen, W. and Yu, Z. and Kong, J. and Wang, H. and Li, Y. and Zhao, M. and Wang, X. and Zheng, Q. and Shi, N. and Zhang, P. and Zhong, S. and Hunter, P. and Tör, M. and Hong, Yiguo (2018) Comparative WGBS Identifies Genes that Influence Non-ripe Phenotype in Tomato Epimutant Colourless Non-ripening. Science China Life Sciences, 61 (2). pp. 244-252. ISSN 1674-7305 Online: 1869-1889

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Abstract

Whole-genome bisulfite sequencing (WGBS) allows single-base resolution and genome-wide profiling of DNA methylation in plants and animals. This technology provides a powerful tool to identify genes that are potentially controlled by dynamic changes of DNA methylation and demethylation. However, naturally occurring epimutants are rare and genes under epigenetic regulation as well as their biological relevances are often difficult to define. In tomato, fruit development and ripening are a complex process that involves epigenetic control. We have taken the advantage of the tomato epimutant Colourless non-ripening (Cnr) and performed comparative mining of the WGBS datasets for the Cnr and SlCMT3-silenced Cnr fruits. We compared DNA methylation profiles for the promoter sequences of approximately 5,000 bp immediately upstream of the coding region of a list of 20 genes. Differentially methylated regions were found for some of these genes. Virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) of differentially methylated gene SlDET1 or SlPDS resulted in unusual brown pigmentation in Cnr fruits. These results suggest that comparative WGBS coupled with VIGS can be used to identify genes that may contribute to the colourless unripe phenotype of fruit in the Cnr epimutant. © 2017 Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature

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Uncontrolled Keywords: Cnr, SlCMT3, SlDET1, SlPDS, DNA methylation, WGBS, VIGS
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QK Botany
Divisions: Academic Departments > Institute of Science and the Environment
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Depositing User: Yiguo Hong
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2018 13:34
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2018 11:58
URI: https://eprints.worc.ac.uk/id/eprint/6331

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