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Changes to Airborne Pollen Counts across Europe

Ziello, C. and Sparks, T.H. and Estrella, N. and Belmonte, J. and Bergmann, K.C. and Bucher, E. and Brighetti, M.A. and Damialis, A. and Detandt, M. and Galán, C. and Gehrig, R. and Grewling, Ł. and Gutiérrez Bustillo, A.M. and Hallsdóttir, M. and Kockhans-Bieda, M. and De Linares, C. and Myszkowska, D. and Pàldy, A. and Sánchez, A. and Smith, Matt and Thibaudon, M. and Travaglini, A. and Uruska, A. and Valencia-Barrera, R.M. and Vokou, D. and Wachter, R. and de Weger, L.A. and Menzel, A. (2012) Changes to Airborne Pollen Counts across Europe. PLOS ONE, 7 (4). pp. 1-8. ISSN 1932-6203

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Abstract

A progressive global increase in the burden of allergic diseases has affected the industrialized world over the last half century and has been reported in the literature. The clinical evidence reveals a general increase in both incidence and prevalence of respiratory diseases, such as allergic rhinitis (common hay fever) and asthma. Such phenomena may be related not only to air pollution and changes in lifestyle, but also to an actual increase in airborne quantities of allergenic pollen. Experimental enhancements of carbon dioxide (CO) have demonstrated changes in pollen amount and allergenicity, but this has rarely been shown in the wider environment. The present analysis of a continental-scale pollen data set reveals an increasing trend in the yearly amount of airborne pollen for many taxa in Europe, which is more pronounced in urban than semi-rural/rural areas. Climate change may contribute to these changes, however increased temperatures do not appear to be a major influencing factor. Instead, we suggest the anthropogenic rise of atmospheric CO levels may be influential.

Item Type: Article
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Uncontrolled Keywords: pollen, aerobiologia, pollen counts, Europe, location of pollen sites
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Academic Departments > Institute of Science and the Environment
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Copyright Info: Open Access article
Depositing User: Matthew Smith
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2017 14:29
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2017 10:54
URI: https://eprints.worc.ac.uk/id/eprint/5729

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