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Omega-3 Fatty Acids are Inversely Related to Callous and Unemotional Traits in Adolescent Boys with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Gow, R.V. and Vallee-Tourangeau, F. and Crawford, M.A. and Taylor, E. and Ghebremeskel, K. and Bueno, Allain and Hibbeln, J.R. and Sumich, A. and Rubia, K. (2013) Omega-3 Fatty Acids are Inversely Related to Callous and Unemotional Traits in Adolescent Boys with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, 88 (6). pp. 411-418. ISSN 0952-3278

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Abstract

A number of research studies have reported abnormal plasma fatty acid profiles in children with ADHD along with some benefit of n−3 to symptoms of ADHD. However, it is currently unclear whether (lower) long chain-polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) are related to ADHD pathology or to associated behaviours. The aim of this study was to test whether (1) ADHD children have abnormal plasma LC-PUFA levels and (2) ADHD symptoms and associated behaviours are correlated with LC-PUFA levels. Seventy-two, male children with (n=29) and without a clinical diagnosis of ADHD (n=43) were compared in their plasma levels of LC-PUFA. Plasma DHA was higher in the control group prior to statistical correction. Callous–unemotional (CU) traits were found to be significantly negatively related to both eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and total omega-3 in the ADHD group. The findings unveil for the first time that CU and anti-social traits in ADHD are associated with lower omega-3 levels.

Item Type: Article
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Uncontrolled Keywords: Omega-3 fatty acids, EPA, Callous and unemotional traits, ADHD
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QM Human anatomy
Divisions: Academic Departments > Institute of Science and the Environment
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Depositing User: Tanya Buchanan
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2016 10:40
Last Modified: 04 Aug 2016 10:40
URI: https://eprints.worc.ac.uk/id/eprint/4733

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