University of Worcester Worcester Research and Publications

Evidence for the Effectiveness of Holistic Process Goals for Learning and Performance Under Pressure

Mullen, R., Faull, Andrea, Jones, E. and Kingston, K. (2015) Evidence for the Effectiveness of Holistic Process Goals for Learning and Performance Under Pressure. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 17. pp. 40-44. ISSN 1469-0292

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Research has suggested that holistic process goals might help avoid the effects associated with conscious processing of task relevant information by skilled but anxious athletes. This experiment compared the efficacy of holistic and part process goal strategies for novices using a learning paradigm.

Laboratory-based experimental design incorporating practice, retention and transfer phases.

Twenty-four males were randomly assigned to a part process goal, holistic process goal or control condition and performed a simulated race-driving task in practice, retention and transfer tests.

Analyses of variance revealed that performance during practice was similar in all conditions but that the holistic process goal group outperformed the part process goal group at both retention and transfer.

Compared to part process goals, holistic process goals result in more effective motor learning and performance that appears to be more robust under pressure.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information:

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Uncontrolled Discrete Keywords: goal setting, attention, learning, competitive anxiety
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: College of Business, Psychology and Sport > School of Sport and Exercise Science
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Depositing User: Janet Davidson
Date Deposited: 06 May 2016 17:00
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2020 17:10

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