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Evidence for the Effectiveness of Holistic Process Goals for Learning and Performance Under Pressure

Mullen, R. and Faull, Andrea and Jones, E. and Kingston, K. (2015) Evidence for the Effectiveness of Holistic Process Goals for Learning and Performance Under Pressure. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 17. pp. 40-44. ISSN 1469-0292

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Abstract

Objectives Research has suggested that holistic process goals might help avoid the effects associated with conscious processing of task relevant information by skilled but anxious athletes. This experiment compared the efficacy of holistic and part process goal strategies for novices using a learning paradigm. Design Laboratory-based experimental design incorporating practice, retention and transfer phases. Method Twenty-four males were randomly assigned to a part process goal, holistic process goal or control condition and performed a simulated race-driving task in practice, retention and transfer tests. Results Analyses of variance revealed that performance during practice was similar in all conditions but that the holistic process goal group outperformed the part process goal group at both retention and transfer. Conclusions Compared to part process goals, holistic process goals result in more effective motor learning and performance that appears to be more robust under pressure.

Item Type: Article
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Uncontrolled Keywords: goal setting, attention, learning, competitive anxiety
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Academic Departments > Institute of Sport and Exercise Science
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Depositing User: Janet Davidson
Date Deposited: 06 May 2016 17:00
Last Modified: 06 May 2016 17:00
URI: https://eprints.worc.ac.uk/id/eprint/4426

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