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Comparisons of Fungal Spore Distributions Using Air Sampling at Worcester, England (2006-2010)

Sadyś, Magdalena, Adams-Groom, Beverley, Herbert, Rob and Kennedy, Roy (2016) Comparisons of Fungal Spore Distributions Using Air Sampling at Worcester, England (2006-2010). Aerobiologia, 32 (4). pp. 619-634. ISSN 0393-5965 Online: 1573-3025

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Abstract

This study determined annual and monthly fluctuations in concentration of 20 fungal genera. The selection of taxa was made based upon their high frequency in the air as well as their well-known allergenic properties. Air samples were collected using a spore trap of Hirst design at an urban site where the trap continuously worked throughout a 5-year survey. Weather data were acquired from a meteorological station co-located with the air sampler. Influence of several meteorological parameters was then examined to reveal species–environment interactions and the potential location of fungal spore sources within the urban area. The maximum monthly sum of mean daily spore concentration varied between genera, and the earliest peaks were recorded for Pleospora sp. in April and Ustilago sp. in June. However, the majority of investigated spore types occurred in the greatest concentrations between August and September. Out of the 20 studied taxa, the most dominant genus was Cladosporium sp., which exceeded an allergenic threshold of 3000 s m-3 40 times during very rainy years and twice as much during dry years. A Spearman’s rank test showed that statistically significant (p B 0.05) relationships between spore concentration and weather parameters were mainly rs B 0.50. Potential sources of spores at Worcester were likely to be localised outside the city area.

Item Type: Article
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The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10453-016-9436-4

Uncontrolled Keywords: aerobiology, aeromycology, meteorological parameters, allergy, bioaerosol, urban area
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR180 Immunology
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: Academic Departments > Institute of Science and the Environment
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Beverley Adams-Groom
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2016 09:33
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2017 13:46
URI: https://eprints.worc.ac.uk/id/eprint/4238

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