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Nutritional Practices of National Female Soccer Players: Analysis and Recommendations.

Martin, Louise and Lambeth, Annie and Scott, Dawn (2006) Nutritional Practices of National Female Soccer Players: Analysis and Recommendations. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 5 (1). pp. 130-137. ISSN 1303-2968

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Abstract

The aim of the study was to establish the nutritional practices and activity patterns of elite female soccer players. The nutritional intake of 16 female England Soccer players was self-reported over a seven-day period. Participants were provided with written and verbal guidelines for the completion of the diaries. Training details were also recorded, and used in combination with BMR predictions to calculate daily energy expenditure. Energy, macronutrient and micronutrient intakes were determined using DietMaster 4.0 software. Results suggest that energy intake was low (1904 ± 366.3 kcal) in relation to previous recommendations for soccer players. Energy expenditure (2153.5 ± 596.2 kcal) was not significantly different (p > 0.05) from intake, suggesting energy balance was achieved. Carbohydrate (53.8 ± 6.8%), protein (16.8 ± 2.1%) and fat (28.8 ± 6.6%) intakes were in line with recommendations. Fluid intake (2466 ± 1350.5ml·day-1) was sufficient to meet baseline recommendations, but would need to be higher to meet the additional requirement of training and competition. With the exception of vitamin A and iron, all micronutrient intakes were higher than the DRI. In conclusion, recommendations for female soccer players are to encourage consumption of carbohydrate-electrolyte beverages to enhance carbohydrate intake and increase fluid intake, and ensure sufficient iron rich foods are included in the diet to meet the DRI.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information:

Reprinted from the Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, Vol 5, Issue 1, Martin, Louise, Lambeth, Annie, Scott, Dawn,
Nutritional Practices of National Female Soccer Players: Analysis and Recommendations, pp 130-137, 2006, with permission from the Journal of Sports Science and Medicine.

Uncontrolled Keywords: energy, intake, expenditure, carbohydrate, fluid, micronutrient
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Academic Departments > Institute of Sport and Exercise Science
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Annie Lambeth-Mansell
Date Deposited: 01 May 2008 12:39
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2010 05:01
URI: https://eprints.worc.ac.uk/id/eprint/408

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