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Adverse Childhood Events and Psychosis in Bipolar Affective Disorder

Upthegrove, R., Chard, C., Jones, Lisa, Gordon-Smith, Katherine, Forty, L., Jones, I. and Craddock, N. (2015) Adverse Childhood Events and Psychosis in Bipolar Affective Disorder. British Journal of Psychiatry, 206 (3). pp. 191-197. ISSN Print: 0007-1250 Online:1472-1465

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: There has been increasing interest in the association between childhood trauma and psychosis. Proposals for potential mechanisms involved include affective dysregulation and cognitive appraisals of threat. AIMS: To establish if, within bipolar disorder, childhood events show a significant association with psychosis, and in particular with symptoms driven by dysregulation of mood or with a persecutory content. METHOD: Data on lifetime-ever presence of psychotic symptoms were determined by detailed structured interview with case-note review (n = 2019). Childhood events were recorded using a self-report questionnaire and case-note information. RESULTS: There was no relationship between childhood events, or childhood abuse, and psychosis per se. Childhood events were not associated with an increased risk of persecutory or other delusions. Significant associations were found between childhood abuse and auditory hallucinations, strongest between sexual abuse and mood congruent or abusive voices. These relationships remain significant even after controlling for lifetime-ever cannabis misuse. CONCLUSIONS: Within affective disorder, the relationship between childhood events and psychosis appears to be relatively symptom-specific. It is possible that the pathways leading to psychotic symptoms differ, with delusions and non-hallucinatory symptoms being influenced less by childhood or early environmental experience.

Item Type: Article
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Uncontrolled Keywords: adverse childhood life events, childhood trauma, psychosis, bipolar disorder, hallucinations, delusions
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Divisions: Academic Departments > Institute of Health and Society
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Depositing User: Lisa Jones
Date Deposited: 30 Oct 2015 09:08
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2015 09:08
URI: https://eprints.worc.ac.uk/id/eprint/4024

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