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Involvement of the Electrophilic Isothiocyanate Sulforaphane in Arabidopsis Local Defense Responses

Andersson, M.X. and Nilsson, A.K. and Johansson, O.N. and Boztaş, Gulin and Adolfsson, L.E. and Pinosa, F. and Garcia, C. and Arronsson, H. and Mackey, D. and Tör, M. and Hamberg, M. and Ellerström, M. (2015) Involvement of the Electrophilic Isothiocyanate Sulforaphane in Arabidopsis Local Defense Responses. Plant Physiology, 167 (1). pp. 251-261. ISSN Print 0032-0889 Online 1532-2548

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Abstract

Plants defend themselves against microbial pathogens through a range of highly sophisticated and integrated molecular systems. Recognition of pathogen-secreted effector proteins often triggers the hypersensitive response (HR), a complex multicellular defense reaction where programmed cell death (PCD) of cells surrounding the primary site of infection is a prominent feature. Even though the HR was described almost a century ago, cell to cell factors acting at the local level generating the full defense reaction has remained obscure. In this study, we sought to identify diffusible molecules produced during the HR that could induce cell death in naïve tissue. We found that 4-methylsulfinylbutyl isothiocyanate (sulforaphane) is released by Arabidopsis thaliana leaf tissue undergoing HR, and that this compound induces cell death as well as prime defense in naïve tissue. Two different mutants impaired in the pathogen-induced accumulation of sulforaphane displayed attenuated PCD upon bacterial and oomycete effector recognition as well as decreased resistance to several isolates of the plant pathogen Hyaloperonospora arabidopsidis. Treatment with sulforaphane provided protection against a virulent H. arabidopsidis isolate. Glucosinolate breakdown products are recognized as antifeeding compounds towards insects and recently also as intracellular signaling and bacteriostatic molecules in Arabidopsis. The data presented herein indicate that these compounds also trigger local defense responses in Arabidopsis tissue.

Item Type: Article
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Published online before print November 2014

Originally deposited as National Pollen and Aerobiology Research Unit (NPARU)

Uncontrolled Keywords: microbial pathogens, Arabidopsis tissue, hypersensative response, HR, programmed cell death, PCD
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions: Academic Departments > Institute of Science and the Environment
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Depositing User: Janet Davidson
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2014 10:17
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2017 14:25
URI: https://eprints.worc.ac.uk/id/eprint/3464

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