University of Worcester Worcester Research and Publications

Risk Perception Influences Athletic Pacing Strategy

Micklewright, D., Parry, D., Robinson, T., Deacon, G., Renfree, Andrew ORCID:, St Clair Gibson, Alan and Matthews, W.J. (2015) Risk Perception Influences Athletic Pacing Strategy. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 47 (5). pp. 1026-1037. ISSN Print: 0195-9131 Online: 1530-0315

Micklewright et al Risk and Pacing MSSE Ahead of Print Version.pdf - Accepted Version

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To examine risk-taking and risk-perception associations with perceived exertion, pacing and performance in athletes.
Two experiments were conducted in which risk-perception was assessed using the domain-specific risk-taking (DOSPERT) scale in 20 novice cyclists (Experiment 1) and 32 experienced ultra-marathon runners (Experiment 2). In Experiment 1, participants predicted their pace and then performed a 5 km maximum effort cycling time-trial on a calibrated KingCycle mounted bicycle. Split-times and perceived exertion were recorded every kilometer. In experiment 2, each participant predicted their split times before running a 100 km ultra-marathon. Split-times and perceived exertion were recorded at 7 check-points. In both experiments, higher and lower risk-perception groups were created using median split of DOSPERT scores.
In experiment 1, pace during the first km was faster among lower compared to higher risk-perceivers, t(18)=2.0 P=0.03, and faster among higher compared lower risk-takers, t(18)=2.2 P=0.02. Actual pace was slower than predicted pace during the first km in both the higher risk perceivers, t(9)=-4.2 P=0.001, and lower risk-perceivers, t(9)=-1.8 P=0.049. In experiment 2, pace during the first 36 km was faster among lower compared to higher risk-perceivers, t(16)=2.0 P=0.03. Irrespective of risk-perception group, actual pace was slower than predicted pace during the first 18 km, t(16)=8.9 P<0.001, and from 18 to 36 km, t(16)=4.0 P<0.001. In both experiments there was no difference in performance between higher and lower risk-perception groups.
Initial pace is associated with an individual's perception of risk, with low perceptions of risk being associated with a faster starting pace. Large differences between predicted and actual pace suggests the performance template lacks accuracy, perhaps indicating greater reliance on momentary pacing decisions rather than pre-planned strategy.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information:

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Uncontrolled Discrete Keywords: cycling, running, marathon, perceived exhertion, emotional intelligence
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Q Science > QP Physiology
Divisions: College of Business, Psychology and Sport > School of Sport and Exercise Science
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Depositing User: Andrew Renfree
Date Deposited: 30 Oct 2014 11:42
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2020 04:00

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