University of Worcester Worcester Research and Publications

Reallocation of Compensation Releases to Restore River Flows and Improve Instream Habitat Availability in the Upper Derwent Catchment, Derbyshire, UK

Maddock, Ian ORCID:, Bickerton, M., Spence, R. and Pickering, T. (2001) Reallocation of Compensation Releases to Restore River Flows and Improve Instream Habitat Availability in the Upper Derwent Catchment, Derbyshire, UK. Regulated Rivers: Research and Management, 17 (4-5). pp. 417-441. ISSN 1535-1459

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The Upper Derwent catchment is situated in the Peak District National Park in North Derbyshire, England and
includes the Derwent Valley Reservoir System. The natural inflows to the reservoir system are boosted by flow
diversion schemes from the River Ashop and River Noe, leaving almost dry stretches in these rivers for long periods of time. Compensation releases are made into Jaggers Clough and the River Derwent. This study examined the possibility of altering the operation of the diversion scheme and compensation flow releases, both temporally and
spatially to restore flows within these dry reaches. The overall intention was to minimize the ecological impacts of
regulation in the four rivers whilst protecting the yield of this critical public water supply.
The study utilized the Physical Habitat Simulation System (PHABSIM) to identify and compare feasible operational changes. This technique enables quantitative comparisons of the suitable habitat available under different
flow regime scenarios.
Brown Trout is the most abundant fish species in the Upper Derwent streams, with Grayling, Brook Lamprey and
Bullhead also present. The invertebrate fauna is typical of upland streams with neutral to acid waters. The ecological data were assessed to identify suitable target species/life stages for use with PHABSIM. Brown Trout, Grayling and four invertebrate families (Rhyacophilidae, Leuctridae, Chloroperlidae and Heptageniidae) were selected.
Habitat mapping along four stretches of river totalling 10 km was carried out in the summer of 1998, followed by
PHABSIM fieldwork on 24 transects in the autumn. This information was utilized to examine the tradeoffs in habitat availability between reinstating flows in the dry stretches of river, and reducing compensation flows elsewhere to minimize the supply impact. Various operating scenarios were examined and two sets of compensation control rules proposed for normal and drought years. Each set included seasonal variability in the rules.
The PHABSIM work described here is the first stage in the process of developing a more ecologically acceptable
flow regime in the Upper Derwent catchment. The decision on the final implementation will be subject to further
resource modelling and negotiation between the Environment Agency, the water company and local interested

Item Type: Article
Additional Information:

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Uncontrolled Discrete Keywords: compensation flow, flow reallocation, physical habitat, Upper Derwent, PHABSIM, SERG
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GB Physical geography
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: College of Health, Life and Environmental Sciences > School of Science and the Environment
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Ian Maddock
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2007 08:50
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2020 14:10

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