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Genetic Parameters for Eggshell Traits in Ostriches

Brand, Z., Cloete, S.W.P., Malecki, I.A. and Brown, Chris (2012) Genetic Parameters for Eggshell Traits in Ostriches. British Poultry Science, 53 (3). pp. 316-324. ISSN 0007-1668

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Abstract

1. A study was conducted on 14000 ostrich eggs to estimate genetic parameters for
eggshell traits that could benefit the hatchability of ostrich eggs. Traits measured included the number
of pores on the eggshell, the average diameter of these pores, the total area of pores on the eggshell,
permeability (pore area/shell thickness) and eggshell thickness.
2. Heritability estimates ranged from 016 for total pore area to 041 for the natural logarithm of pore
count. The heritability estimates for water loss on 21 and 35 d (WL21 and WL35) of incubation were
high at 023 and 024, respectively.
3. On a genetic level, pore count was negatively correlated with average pore diameter (073) and shell
thickness (028), whereas it was positively correlated with total pore area (058), WL21 (024) and
WL35 (034). The direct and maternal genetic correlations of pore count with total pore area (058) and
permeability (059) were high and significant. Permeability was positively correlated to WL21
and WL35, both on the direct and maternal genetic levels.
4. The estimated genetic parameters indicate that it should be possible to select for the various eggshell
traits in ostrich eggs, or for permeability and water loss. However, as a trait with an intermediate
optimum, direct selection for permeability and other eggshell traits would not be straightforward, and
the possible application of these results to improve hatchability of ostrich eggs in the future needs
consideration.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information:

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Uncontrolled Discrete Keywords: eggshell traits, genetic parameters, ostriches, SERG
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: College of Health, Life and Environmental Sciences > School of Science and the Environment
Depositing User: Dr Chris Brown
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2012 11:03
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2020 14:00
URI: https://eprints.worc.ac.uk/id/eprint/1667

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