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Particle size distribution of the major Alternaria alternata allergen, Alt a 1, derived from airborne spores and subspore fragments

Grewling, Ł. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9289-2752, Bogawski, P., Szymańska, A., Nowak, M., Kostecki, Ł. and Smith, Matt (2020) Particle size distribution of the major Alternaria alternata allergen, Alt a 1, derived from airborne spores and subspore fragments. Fungal Biology. ISSN 18786146 (In Press)

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Abstract

Abstract
Fungal fragments are abundant immunoreactive bioaerosols that may outnumber the concentrations of intact spores in the air. To investigate the importance of Alternaria fragments as sources of allergens compared to Alternaria spores, we determined the levels of Alternaria spores and Alt a 1 (the major allergen in Alternaria alternata spores) collected on filters within three fractions of particulate matter (PM) of different aerodynamic diameter: (1) PM>10, (diameter>10μm); (2) PM2.5-10 (2.5-10μm); (3) PM2.5 (0.12-2.5μm). The airborne particles were collected using a three stage high-volume ChemVol cascade impactor during the Alternaria sporulation season in Poznań, Poland (30 days between 6 July and 22 September 2016). The quantification of Alt a 1 was performed using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. High concentrations of Alt a 1 were recorded during warm and dry days characterized by high sunshine duration, lack of clouds and high dew point values. Atmospheric concentrations of Alternaria spores correlated significantly (r=0.930, p<0.001) with Alt a 1 levels. The highest Alt a 1 was recorded in PM2.5-10 (66.8% of total Alt a 1), while the lowest in PM2.5 (<1.0%). Significantly more Alt a 1 per spore (>30%) was observed in PM2.5-10 than in PM>10. This Alt a 1 excess may be derived from sources other than spores, e.g. hyphal fragments. Overall, in outdoor air the major source of Alt a 1 are intact Alternaria spores, but the impact of other fungal fragments (hyphal parts, broken spores, conidiophores) cannot be neglected, as they may increase the total atmospheric Alt a 1 concentration.

Item Type: Article
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©2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

The full-text of the online published article can be accessed via the official URL.

Uncontrolled Keywords: fungal allergy, bioaerosols, hyphal fragments, ELISA, cascade impactor
Divisions: College of Health, Life and Environmental Sciences > School of Science and the Environment
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Copyright Info: Open access article
SWORD Depositor: Prof. Pub Router
Depositing User: Matt Smith
Date Deposited: 25 Feb 2020 09:47
Last Modified: 25 Mar 2020 17:42
URI: https://eprints.worc.ac.uk/id/eprint/9203

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