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Early Intervention with Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR) Therapy to Reduce the Severity of Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms in Recent Rape Victims: Study Protocol for a Randomised Controlled Trial

Covers, M.L.V., de Jongh, Ad ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6031-9708, Huntjens, R.J.C., de Roos, C. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8792-617X, Van Den Hout, M. and Bicanic, I.A.E. (2019) Early Intervention with Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR) Therapy to Reduce the Severity of Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms in Recent Rape Victims: Study Protocol for a Randomised Controlled Trial. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 10 (1). p. 1632021. ISSN Print: 2000-8198 Online: 2000-8066

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Abstract

It is estimated that more than 40% of rape victims develops a posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a statistic that is relatively high compared to other types of trauma. PTSD can affect the victims' psychological, sexual, and physical health. Therefore, there is an urgent need for early interventions to prevent the onset of PTSD in this target group. This randomised controlled trial (RCT) examines the efficacy of early Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR) therapy aimed to reduce the severity of posttraumatic stress symptoms in victims of recent rape. Subjects (N = 34) are individuals of 16 years and older who present themselves within 7 days post-rape at one of the four participating Sexual Assault Centres in the Netherlands. The intervention consists of two sessions of EMDR therapy between day 14 and 28 post-rape, while the control group receives treatment as usual, consisting of careful monitoring of stress reactions by a case-manager across two contacts during 1-month post-rape. Baseline assessment, posttreatment assessment and follow-up assessments at 8 and 12-weeks post-rape will be used to assess the development of posttraumatic stress symptoms. In addition, the efficacy of the intervention on psychological and sexual functioning will be determined. Linear mixed model analysis will be used to explore the differences within and between the EMDR group and control group at the various time points. The results of this RCT may help the dissemination and application of evidence-based preventative treatments for PTSD after rape.

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© 2019 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/),which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

The full-text of the online published article can be accessed via the official URL.

Uncontrolled Keywords: EMDR, PTSD, RCT, early intervention, rape, sexual assault, study protocol
Divisions: Divisions (2019 and before) > Academic Departments > Institute of Health and Society
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Copyright Info: Open Access article
SWORD Depositor: Prof. Pub Router
Depositing User: Tanya Buchanan
Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2019 08:24
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2019 07:42
URI: https://eprints.worc.ac.uk/id/eprint/8409

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