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The Role of Emotional Intelligence in the Maintenance of Depression Symptoms and Loneliness Among Children

Davis, Sarah K. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4683-4807, Nowland, R.A. and Qualter, P. (2019) The Role of Emotional Intelligence in the Maintenance of Depression Symptoms and Loneliness Among Children. Frontiers in Psychology, 10 (A1672). pp. 1-12. ISSN Online: 1664-1078

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Abstract

In the current study we examined the impact of both trait emotional intelligence (TEI) and ability emotional intelligence (AEI) on the maintenance of loneliness and depressive symptoms over one year among children aged 9-11 years. Two hundred and thirteen children (54% male) completed the TEIQue-CF and the MSCEIT-YV at the first time point of the study, and the Child Depression Inventory and the Loneliness and Aloneness Scale for Children and Adolescents at Time 1 and, again, one year later. Findings indicate that emotional skills (AEI) are important for predicting the maintenance of depressive symptoms and loneliness in children over one year; emotional self-efficacies (TEI) are less influential, only contributing to long-term loneliness in girls. Moreover, whilst deficiencies in the ability to perceive and understand emotions were predictive of prolonged symptomatology, so, too, were proficiencies in using emotion to facilitate thinking and emotion management. Those findings carry important implications for EI theory and future research. They also indicate that EI interventions tailored to groups of ‘at risk’ school children may be useful for reducing specific profiles of internalizing symptoms. Programs targeting AEI skills may be universally helpful for reducing the likelihood that depressive symptoms and loneliness will be maintained over time in middle childhood; girls at risk for prolonged loneliness would additionally benefit from opportunities to bolster TEI.

Item Type: Article
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Copyright: © 2019 Davis, Nowland and Qualter. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

Uncontrolled Keywords: emotional intelligence, emotional self-efficacy, depression, loneliness, children, internalizing problems, social emotional learning (SEL), gender
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Divisions (2019 and before) > Academic Departments > Institute of Health and Society
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Copyright Info: Open Access article (UW LS APC)
Depositing User: Sarah Davis
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2019 17:24
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2019 14:39
URI: https://eprints.worc.ac.uk/id/eprint/8352

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