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Barriers and Facilitators to Health Care Professionals Discussing Child Weight with Parents: A Meta-Synthesis of Qualitative Studies

Bradbury, D. and Chisholm, A. and Watson, P.M. and Bundy, C. and Bradbury, Nicola and Birtwistle, S. (2018) Barriers and Facilitators to Health Care Professionals Discussing Child Weight with Parents: A Meta-Synthesis of Qualitative Studies. British journal of health psychology, 23 (3). pp. 701-722. ISSN 2044-8287

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Abstract

Childhood obesity is one of the most serious global public health challenges. However, obesity and its consequences are largely preventable. As parents play an important role in their children's weight-related behaviours, good communication between parents and health care professionals (HCPs) is essential. This systematic review provides a meta-synthesis of qualitative studies exploring the barriers and facilitators experienced by HCPs when discussing child weight with parents. Searches were conducted using the following databases: MEDLINE (OVID), Psych INFO (OVID), EMBASE (OVID), Web of Knowledge and CINAHL. Thirteen full-text qualitative studies published in English language journals since 1985 were included. Included studies collected data from HCPs (e.g., nurses, doctors, dieticians, psychologists, and clinical managers) concerning their experiences of discussing child weight-related issues with parents. An inductive thematic analysis was employed to synthesize findings. Emerging subthemes were categorized using a socio-ecological framework into intra/interpersonal factors, organizational factors, and societal factors. Perceived barriers and facilitators most commonly related to intra/interpersonal level factors, that is, relating to staff factors, parental factors, or professional-parent interactions. HCPs also attributed a number of barriers, but not facilitators, at the organizational and societal levels. The findings of this review may help to inform the development of future weight-related communication interventions. Whilst intra/interpersonal interventions may go some way to improving health care practice, it is crucial that all stakeholders consider the wider organizational and societal context in which these interactions take place. Statement of contribution What is already known on the subject? Childhood obesity is one of the United Kingdom's most serious current public health challenges. Health care professionals are in a prime position to identify child weight issues during routine consultations. However, they often feel unable or unequipped to raise the topic and provide information on child weight management. What does this study add? To our knowledge, this is the first review to synthesize barriers and facilitators to discussing child weight. This review interprets key barriers and facilitators in the context of the socio-ecological model. Supports the development of interventions matched to the appropriate level of the socio-economic model. [Abstract copyright: © 2018 The Authors. British Journal of Health Psychology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of British Psychological Society.]

Item Type: Article
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The full-text can be accessed via the Official URL.

Uncontrolled Keywords: child weight, health care communication, health care professionals, meta-synthesis, obesity, qualitative, review
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Academic Departments > Institute of Health and Society
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Copyright Info: Open Access
SWORD Depositor: Prof. Pub Router
Depositing User: Karol Kosinski
Date Deposited: 21 May 2018 15:28
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2018 12:28
URI: https://eprints.worc.ac.uk/id/eprint/6617

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