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Structural and Predictive Properties of the Emotional Quotient Inventory Youth Version - Short Form (EQ-i:YV[s])

Davis, Sarah K. and Wigelsworth, M. (2017) Structural and Predictive Properties of the Emotional Quotient Inventory Youth Version - Short Form (EQ-i:YV[s]). Journal of Personality Assessment. ISSN 0022-3891 Online: 1532-7752 (In Press)

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Abstract

Emotional Intelligence (EI) is a popular construct with concentrated areas of application in education and health contexts. There is a need for reliable and valid measurement of EI in young people, with brief yet sensitive measures of the construct preferable for use in time-limited settings. However, the proliferation of EI measures has often outpaced rigorous psychometric evaluation (Gignac, 2009). Using data from 849 adolescents (407 females; 422 males) aged 11 to 16 years (mean age 13.4; SD = 1.2 years), the current paper systematically examined the structural and predictive properties of a frequently employed measure of adolescent trait EI – the Emotional Quotient Inventory Youth Version Short Form - EQ-i:YV(S) (Bar-On & Parker, 2000). Whilst the intended multidimensional factor structure was recovered through confirmatory factor analysis, the statistical and conceptual coherency of the underlying model was inadequate. Using a multi-trait multi-method approach, the EQ-i:YV(S) was found to converge with other measures of EI, however, evidence for divergent validity (Big Five personality dimensions) was less robust. Predictive utility for adolescent mental health outcomes (depression; disruptive behavior) was also limited. Findings suggest that use of the EQ-i:YV(S) for predictive or evaluative purposes should be avoided until refinements to the scale are made.

Item Type: Article
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Uncontrolled Keywords: emotional intelligence, Emotional Quotient Inventory Youth Version Short Form, confirmatory factor analysis, reliability, validity, multi-trait multi-method
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Academic Departments > Institute of Health and Society
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Depositing User: Sarah Davis
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2017 11:22
Last Modified: 25 Jul 2017 07:49
URI: https://eprints.worc.ac.uk/id/eprint/5372

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