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Postpartum Psychosis in Bipolar Disorder: No Association with Personality, Cognitive Style and Temperament

Webb, I. and Gordon-Smith, Katherine and Perry, Amy and Fraser, C. and Forty, L. and Craddck, N. and Jones, I. and Jones, Lisa (2016) Postpartum Psychosis in Bipolar Disorder: No Association with Personality, Cognitive Style and Temperament. In: 18th Annual Conference of the International Society for Bipolar Disorders & 8th Biennial Conference of the International Society for Affective Disorders, 13th - 16th July 2016, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Background and Aims: Bipolar disorder has been associated with a number of personality traits, cognitive styles and affective temperaments. Women who have bipolar disorder are at increased risk of experiencing postpartum psychosis, however no previous research has investigated these traits in relationship to postpartum episodes. Our aim was to establish whether aspects of personality, cognitive style and affective temperament, that have been associated with bipolar disorder, confer vulnerability to postpartum psychosis over and above their known association with bipolar disorder. Methods: Participants were 552 parous women with DSM-IV bipolar I disorder recruited into the Bipolar Disorder Research Network (www.bdrn.org). Postpartum psychosis group: lifetime episode of postpartum psychosis within 6 weeks of delivery (N = 284). Non-postpartum psychosis group: no history of any perinatal mood episodes (N = 268). Bipolar disorder-associated personality traits (neuroticism, extraversion, schizotypy and impulsivity), cognitive styles (low self-esteem and dysfunctional attitudes) and affective temperaments were measured using well validated self-report questionnaire measures. Results: After controlling for key demographic, clinical and pregnancy-related variables, and measures of current mood state, there were no statistically significant differences between the postpartum psychosis group and non-postpartum psychosis group on any of the personality, cognitive style or affective temperament measures. Conclusions: Personality traits, cognitive styles and affective temperaments associated with the bipolar disorder diathesis in general were not associated with the onset of postpartum psychosis specifically. We have found no evidence that these traits should play a key role when evaluating risk of postpartum psychosis in women with bipolar I disorder considering pregnancy.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Additional Information:

The published abstract for the poster is available in the journal 'Bipolar Disorder', Volume 18, Issue SI, P-364 on p. 183.

Uncontrolled Keywords: postpartum psychosis, cognitive style, temperament, bipolar disorder
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Divisions: Academic Departments > Institute of Health and Society
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Katherine Gordon-Smith
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2016 14:27
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2016 09:53
URI: https://eprints.worc.ac.uk/id/eprint/4919

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