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Tubular Urinary Enzymes in Acute Post-infectious Glomerulonephritis

Naghettini, A.V. and Nogueira, P.C.K. and Juliano, M. and Bueno, Allain and Casarini, D.E. and Carvalhaes, J.T. (2001) Tubular Urinary Enzymes in Acute Post-infectious Glomerulonephritis. Pediatric Nephrology, 16 (9). pp. 719-722. ISSN Print 0931-041X Online 1432-198X

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Abstract

Tubular function of 17 pediatric patients with a mild form of acute post-infectious glomerulonephritis was prospectively evaluated by assessment of the urinary activity of proximal and distal tubule enzymes. Neutral-like endopeptidase (NEP-like) and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) were the proximal tubule enzymes assessed, while prolyl-endopeptidase (PE) and serine-endopeptidase H1 and H2 were the distal tubule enzymes analyzed. Urine was collected at diagnosis (T0) and after 2 (T2) and 6 (T6) months of follow-up. NEP-like enzyme activity (nmol/mg creatinine; median±quartile range) was increased at diagnosis, and this remained stable during the first 6 months (T0 18.30±83.26, T2 17.32±49.56, T6 23.38±107.18). Urinary activity of the other enzymes was as follows: ACE (mU/ml per mg creatinine) T0 0.08±0.16, T2 0.06±0.10, T6 0.18±0.29; PE (nmol/mg creatinine) T0 6.70±84.87, T2 9.55±69.00, T6 13.67±28.70; serine-endopeptidase H1 (nmol/mg creatinine) T0 7.86±26.95, T2 17.17±59.37, T6 18.19± 79.14; and serine-thiol-endopeptidase H2 (nmol/mg creatinine) T0 3.06±21.97, T2 12.06±32.42, T6 16.22± 44.06. Thirty other healthy children matched for age and gender were considered as a control group. This group was assessed once and the results were: NEP-like activity 6.05±10.54, ACE 0.11±0.22, PE 7.10±13.36, H1 5.00±17.30, and H2 6.00±20.16. In conclusion, we observed that NEP-like and H1 enzymes exhibited significant increased urinary activity 6 months after the diagnosis. This increase occurred in spite of the disappearance of clinical symptoms, which occurred 2 months after the diagnosis. We believe that the increase in urinary enzymatic activity could be a manifestation of a silent tubular dysfunction following an episode of acute post-infectious glomerulonephritis.

Item Type: Article
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Uncontrolled Keywords: Glomerulonephritis, acute disease, Endopeptidases, Peptide hydrolases, renal tubular function
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Academic Departments > Institute of Science and the Environment
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Depositing User: Tanya Buchanan
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2016 13:31
Last Modified: 12 Aug 2016 13:31
URI: https://eprints.worc.ac.uk/id/eprint/4809

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