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Omega-3 Fatty Acids are Related to Abnormal Emotion Processing in Adolescent Boys with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Gow, R.V. and Sumich, A. and Vallee-Tourangeau, F. and Crawford, M.A. and Ghebremeskel, K. and Bueno, Allain and Hibbeln, J.R. and Taylor, E. and Wilson, D.A. and Rubia, K. (2013) Omega-3 Fatty Acids are Related to Abnormal Emotion Processing in Adolescent Boys with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes & Essential Fatty Acids (PLEFA), 88 (6). pp. 419-429. ISSN 0952-3278

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Abstract

Background In addition to the core symptoms, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with poor emotion regulation. There is some evidence that children and young adults with ADHD have lower omega-3 levels and that supplementation with omega-3 can improve both ADHD and affective symptoms. We therefore investigated differences between ADHD and non-ADHD children in omega-3/6 fatty acid plasma levels and the relationship between those indices and emotion-elicited event-related potentials (ERPs). Methods Children/adolescents with (n=31) and without ADHD (n=32) were compared in their plasma omega-3/6 indices and corresponding ERPs during an emotion processing task. Results Children with ADHD had lower mean omega-3/6 and ERP abnormalities in emotion processing, independent of emotional valence relative to control children. ERP abnormalities were significantly associated with lower omega-3 levels in the ADHD group. Conclusions The findings reveal for the first time that lower omega-3 fatty acids are associated with impaired emotion processing in ADHD children.

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Uncontrolled Keywords: Omega-3 fatty acids, event-related potentials, emotion processing, ADHD
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QM Human anatomy
Divisions: Academic Departments > Institute of Science and the Environment
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Depositing User: Tanya Buchanan
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2016 10:37
Last Modified: 04 Aug 2016 10:37
URI: https://eprints.worc.ac.uk/id/eprint/4732

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