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Relationships Among Muscle Dysmorphia Characteristics, Body Image Quality of Life, and Coping in Males

Tod, D. and Edwards, Christian (2015) Relationships Among Muscle Dysmorphia Characteristics, Body Image Quality of Life, and Coping in Males. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 18 (5). pp. 585-589. ISSN 1440-2440)

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Abstract

Abstract Objectives The purpose of this study was to examine relationships among bodybuilding dependence, muscle satisfaction, body image-related quality of life and body image-related coping strategies, and test the hypothesis that muscle dysmorphia characteristics may predict quality of life via coping strategies. Design Participants (294 males, Mage = 20.5 years, SD = 3.1) participated in a cross-sectional survey. Methods Participants completed questionnaires assessing muscle satisfaction, bodybuilding dependence, body image-related quality of life and body image-related coping. Results Quality of life was correlated positively with muscle satisfaction and bodybuilding dependence but negatively with body image coping (P < 0.05). Body image coping was correlated positively with bodybuilding dependence and negatively with muscle satisfaction (P < 0.05). Mediation analysis found that bodybuilding dependence and muscle satisfaction predicted quality of life both directly and indirectly via body image coping strategies (as evidenced by the bias corrected and accelerated bootstrapped confidence intervals). Conclusions These results provide preliminary evidence regarding the ways that muscularity concerns might influence body image-related quality of life.

Item Type: Article
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Uncontrolled Keywords: body image, size perception, weight training, resistance training, self-assessment appearance
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Academic Departments > Institute of Sport and Exercise Science
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Depositing User: Christian Edwards
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2014 07:28
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2016 17:26
URI: https://eprints.worc.ac.uk/id/eprint/3338

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