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A Systematic Review of the Drive for Muscularity Research Area

Edwards, Christian and Tod, D. and Molnar, Gyozo (2014) A Systematic Review of the Drive for Muscularity Research Area. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 7 (1). pp. 18-41. ISSN 1750-984X (Print) 1750-9858 (Online)

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Abstract

Abstract The purpose of the current article was to perform a systematic review of 52 studies in which the drive for muscularity (DFM) has been measured. We included all the papers we found published from 2000 until May 2012. Variables most consistently related to DFM are (1) gender, with males reporting higher levels than females; (2) anxiety and body shame; (3) perceptions that the ideal physique involves high muscularity; (4) behaviours associated with increasing muscularity, including dietary manipulation and resistance training; and (5) the internalisation of a muscular physique as the standard to which to aspire. The DFM was inconsistently correlated with self-esteem, physical characteristics and actual-ideal discrepancies. Research has focused on white male students and been cross-sectional and descriptive. Further theory-driven work is needed with a wider range of populations to enhance the conceptualisation, measurement and understanding of the DFM.

Item Type: Article
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Uncontrolled Keywords: drive for muscularity, body image, men's health
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Academic Departments > Institute of Sport and Exercise Science
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Depositing User: Christian Edwards
Date Deposited: 13 Jun 2014 07:38
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2015 08:31
URI: https://eprints.worc.ac.uk/id/eprint/3117

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