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Ability Versus Trait Emotional Intelligence: Dual Influences on Adolescent Psychological Adaptation

Davis, Sarah K. and Humphrey, N. (2014) Ability Versus Trait Emotional Intelligence: Dual Influences on Adolescent Psychological Adaptation. Journal of Individual Differences, 35 (1). pp. 54-62. ISSN 2151-2299

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Abstract

Emotional intelligence (EI) is reliably associated with better mental health. A growing body of evidence suggests that EI acts as a protective buffer against some psychosocial stressors to promote adaptation. However, little is known about how the two principle forms of EI (trait and ability) work together to impact underlying stressor-health processes in adolescence. One thousand one hundred and seventy British adolescents (mean age = 13.03 years; SD = 1.26) completed a variety of standardized instruments assessing EI; coping styles; family dysfunction; negative life events; socioeconomic adversity; depression and disruptive behavior. Path analyses found that trait and ability EI work in tandem to modify the selection and efficacy of avoidant coping to influence the indirect effect of stressors on depression but not disruptive behavior. Nevertheless, actual emotional skill (ability EI) appears dependent on perceived competency (trait EI) to realize advantageous outcomes. Findings are evaluated and discussed with reference to theoretical and practical implications.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information:

Pre-print copy 12/07/2013 of the manuscript prior to publication.

Published version : Davis, S. K., & Humphrey, N. (2014). Ability versus trait emotional intelligence: Dual influences on adolescent psychological adaptation. Journal of Individual Differences, 35(35), 54-62
DOI: 10.1027/1614-0001/a000127

Uncontrolled Keywords: emotional intelligence, mental health, stress and coping, adolescence
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Academic Departments > Institute of Health and Society
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Sarah Davis
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2014 10:27
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2015 13:07
URI: https://eprints.worc.ac.uk/id/eprint/3041

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