University of Worcester Worcester Research and Publications

The Incidence of Fungal Spores in the Ambient Air and Inside Homes: Evidence from London

Emberlin, Jean and Newman, Tim and Bryant, Richard (1995) The Incidence of Fungal Spores in the Ambient Air and Inside Homes: Evidence from London. Aerobiologia, 11 (4). pp. 253-258. ISSN Print: 0393-5965 Online: 1573-3025

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Little research has been carried out in London concerning fungal spore prevalence yet this information may help to elucidate geographical patterns of asthma and hay fever. Although many types of spore reach peak concentrations outdoors in late-summer, the incidences in the indoor environment may be more important through the winter because of heating and poor ventilation. Daily average concentrations of fungal spores in the ambient atmosphere were monitored with a Burkard volumetric spore trap on an exposed roof in North London from autumn 1991 until the summer of 1992. Indoor spore measurements were taken in 19 homes in the vicinity through the winter months, both by direct air sampling using a portable Burkard sampler and by dust culture. Trends in the occurrence and concentrations of fungal spores indoors and outdoors were examined. Relationships between the abundance of selected allergenic fungi and features of the houses were analysed including age of dwelling, dampness, cleanliness and presence of pets.Aspergillus andPenicillium were the most frequently occurring spore types in the homes. Overall, high spore incidence was associated with dampness and dust accumulation. The outdoor spore samples revealed generally low concentrations through the winter until March when concentrations of many types includingCladosporium, Epicoccum andAlternaria increased in abundance in response to the warmer weather. Even during the late-spring and early-summer, concentrations of most fungal spores were notably below those reported for rural sites

Item Type: Article
Additional Information:

The original publication is available at

Originally deposited as National Pollen and Aerobiology Research Unit (NPARU)

Uncontrolled Keywords: allergenic, fungi, London, spores, pollen seasons, asthma, seasonal allergic rhinitis, fungal spores, NPARU
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR180 Immunology
Divisions: Academic Departments > Institute of Science and the Environment
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Janet Davidson
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2007 08:24
Last Modified: 12 Feb 2016 13:52

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