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Parenting Styles and Disordered Eating Among Youths: A Rapid Scoping Review

Hampshire, Chloe, Mahoney, Berenice ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7414-8185 and Davis, Sarah K. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4683-4807 (2022) Parenting Styles and Disordered Eating Among Youths: A Rapid Scoping Review. Frontiers in Psychology, 12 (802567). ISSN Online: 1664-1078

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Abstract

Youth is a critical period in the development of maladaptive eating behaviors. Previous systematic reviews suggest the etiological significance of parent-child relationships for the onset of disordered eating in youth, but less is known about the role of parenting styles. This rapid scoping review aimed to identify whether research supports the role of parenting styles in the development of disordered eating symptoms among youths. Sixteen studies, retrieved from three databases (PsycArticles, PsycInfo, and BASE), met the inclusion criteria: original studies, published in English, examined the effect of parenting styles (authoritative or neglectful) on cognitive (drives for thinness and body dissatisfaction) and behavioral (weight control behaviors) disordered eating outcomes, among young people up to 18 years of age. Studies supported an association between various youth disordered eating symptoms such as unhealthy weight control behaviors, and experiences of adverse parenting styles characterized by high levels of control and low levels of responsiveness. Associations between adverse parenting styles and youth disordered eating were frequently indirect and differed depending on the sex of the parent and offspring. Synthesis of findings was limited due to variation in the operationalization and measurement of parenting styles, family context and disordered eating across studies. Longitudinal and standardized research is required to better understand the dynamic associations between parenting styles and youth disordered eating. Implications for family-based care in clinical practice are discussed.

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© 2022 Hampshire, Mahoney and Davis. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

Uncontrolled Discrete Keywords: parenting, disordered eating, young people, youth, adolescents, parenting styles, authoritative, neglectful, family context
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: College of Business, Psychology and Sport > School of Psychology
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Depositing User: Sarah Davis
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2022 17:01
Last Modified: 24 May 2022 08:03
URI: https://eprints.worc.ac.uk/id/eprint/11628

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